How to master and learn Chinese quickly?
时间: 2018-03-03 17:45:00浏览次数：1198
Learning Chinese can not be accomplished overnight. But there are always some ways to help you learn Chinese more happily. If you have a chance, we should communicate with Chinese in Chinese as much as possible. This can quickly improve the fluency of the Chinese language.
Learn some basic words
When learning a language, the first thing to do is to remember some simple and important words, and to start as much as possible. Although grammar and sentence structure are also important, it is meaningless to learn this before mastering a certain vocabulary. You can start learning according to the following directory:
Hello = nǐhǎo, pronounced [nee how].
Yes = shì, pronunciation[sher].
No = bú shì, [boo sher].
Goodbye = zài jiàn, [zi jee-an].
Morning = zǎoshàng, pronounced [zow shan]
Afternoon = xià wǔ, [sha woo].
Night = wǎn shàng , [wan shan].
Head = tóu, [toe].
Feet = jiǎo, [jee-yow].
Hand = shǒu, [show].
beef = niú ròu, [nee-oo row].
Chicken = jī, [jee].
Learn some basic phrases
Once you have some vocabulary, you can try to learn basic phrases and sentences, and do everyday conversation. Start with the following phrase:
How are you? = nǐ hǎo ma? pronunciation [nee how have mah].
I'm fine = wǒ hěn hǎo, [wuh hen how].
Thank you = = xiè xiè, [shee-yeh, shee-yeh].
No thanks = = bú yòng xiè, [boo Yong shee-yeh].
Sorry = duì bu qǐ, pronunciation[dway boo chee].
I don't understand = wǒ bù dǒng, [wuh connected, boo dong].
What's your name? = nǐ jiào shén me míng zì, pronunciation [nee-jee-yow shen-ma meeng zher].
My name is _____ = wǒ jiào _____, pronunciation [wuh jee-yow].
Chinese is a kind of tone language, the same word, the tone different meaning is different (even if the spelling and pronunciation are the same). It may be difficult for people who are accustomed to speaking English, but if you want to speak the Chinese authentic, the tone is very important. There are four main tones in Chinese.
The first is a high, flat sound. It is a relatively high sound, no rise and fall. Use "Ma" as an example, the first sound of it in writing "m said".
The second sound is a rising tone. When the sound started is very low, then gradually increased, as in English "huh?" said M, "second tone in writing".
The third sound is a turning point. The sound begins at a medium level and then gradually turns below the initial sound, like the letter "B" in English or the word "horse".
The third tone is called "m million in writing".
The fourth sound is a descending tone. The sound begins at a medium level and then gradually decreases, as if you send out instructions in English (such as ordering people to "stop"). The fourth said "m, in writing".
By listening to the local people (Youtube can also do this), you can learn the correct pronunciation. After you practice more, you need to apply your learning to specific words.
With different tones, the same words can produce different meanings. For example, "m notes." and "m" like "I want cake" and "I want Coke", the meaning is completely different.
So when learning words, it's not enough to learn pronunciation only, but also to learn the right tone. Otherwise, words can be easily used in wrong context, which makes it difficult for others to understand what you want to express.
The best way to learn pronunciation is to speak Chinese to the locals. When you pronounce correctly, he can encourage you. When he pronouncing mistakes, he can help you to correct them.
Learning grammar and sentence structure
The common prejudice is that Chinese is a non grammatical language. In fact, the grammatical system of Chinese is very complex, but it is only very different from English and other European languages.
Fortunately, when learning Chinese, you can't memorize verbs, coherence, part of speech, plural and tense, because Chinese analysis makes these things simple and intuitive.
Another advantage is that the sentence structure of Chinese is similar to English, that is, the structure of subject predicate object, which makes the translation between English and Chinese and between Chinese and English more simple. For example, in English "he likes cats" t "is translated into Chinese. (he) from X Huan (love) m o (CAT)".
Of course, Chinese also has some sentence structure different from English, which may make it difficult for native speakers to grasp English, such as classification, prominence, preference and so on. But before learning the basic Chinese, there is no need to worry about it.
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